Bakhabar Kissan provides information about production technology of crops, fruits and vegetables. Drill 15-20 kg/ha of healthy seed in lines 45cm apart in good wattar. Production Technology of Lucerne(1) - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Lucerne belongs to the legume family, which means that, working with soil bacteria called rhizobia, it is able to fix nitrogen to make it available for plant growth. Bloat Foam Bloat producing production formation proteins Disadvantage is• As a multi-purpose fodder; bloating BLOAT MEANS As a high … The assumption that alfalfa does not require any fertilizer is incorrect. "A study of seed production of lucerne (Medicago sativa) under different plant spacing and cutting treatments in the seeding year" Other: "18 ref. The first cutting should be taken three months after sowing. Lucerne is a multi-cut, perennial, legume forage crop. Alfalfa cultivation is discussed in the fourth-century AD book Opus Agriculturae by Palladius, stating: “One sow-down lasts ten years. Lucerne requires a well-drained soil for maximum production. A study was made on the impact of predators on the exotic aphids Acyrthosiphon kondoi Shinji (bluegreen aphid) and Therioaphis trifolii (Monell) f.maculata (spotted alfalfa aphid) in lucerne. 2Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. This crop needs a first irrigation three weeks after sowing. Line sowing better than broadcasting because lines sowing facilities hoeing and other cultural operations in subsequent years. Subsequent irrigation are to be applied at interval of 15-20 days in winter and 10-15 days in summer, depending upon the weather. LUCERNE PRODUCTION. *Corresponding author’s email: [email protected] Common Name: Lucerne/Alfalfa In South Africa, lucerne is grown under irrigation and as a dryland crop. It’s perennial nature means that once successfully established reliable production could be expected for the following 3 to 4 years. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Horw, We use cookies on this site to give you the best browsing experience. Lucerne attracts particular attention following periods of relative drought. The CC Mechanical Systems offers the complete production technology spectrum from CAD model to the finished product including dimensional verification on CNC controlled coordinate measurement machine. Lucerne is a perennial crop with a productive stand life of 5-7 years. CH- Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’. For good persistence it must be grazed or cut on rotation. Because it is a semi-permanent crop that covers the entire soil … The two most common sowing techniques are a seed-bag and a fertiliser spreader. Materials from soft to hard-brittle can be machined. Established in 1952 as a controlling body, the National Lucerne Trust was recently transformed into a service organization for the lucerne industry. Alfalfa seems to have originated in south-central Asia, and was first cultivated in ancient Iran. Associated dryland areas are also occasionally sown to lucerne for the same reason as well as to reduce the cost of weed control. Welcome! Our Srvices include the co-ordination of research projects, collection and distribution of information, technology transfer, cultivar evaluation and industry stability Paddock selection. Lucerne is a multi-cut, perennial, legume forage crop. Muhammad Umair Yasin*1, Hina Ahmed Malik2. By continuing to navigate this site or closing this banner you accept this use of cookies. The predator complex consisted mainly of Coccinella repanda Thunberg, Micromus sp., syrphid larvae, predatory mites and spiders. © Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. A good seedbed is prepared with a furrow-turning plough followed by three to four shallow cultivations and planking. It is widely grown as forage for cattle and is often harvested as hay. According to Pliny (died 79 AD), it was introduced to Greece in about 490 BC when the Persians invaded Greek territory. In the context of research projects or service contracts work pieces made of zirconium oxide, aluminum oxide, or glass have been machined directly from the blank to final dimensions using the hard working technique. your username. Lucerne cv. Lucerne Production Guide. It is best suited to a wide range of well‑drained, slightly acid to alkaline soils (pH Ca 5.2 - 7.5). Services The production and selling of Lucerne to target markets as hay or pellets. All weeds including grasses should be eliminated when preparing the seedbed. An optimal rate is 20kg seed/ha to 25kg seed/ha. Armyworm, gram caterpillar and aphids, if the insect pest is observed attacking at least five percent of the crop near the flowering stage, Seven-85 should be dusted. To establish an optimized decision-supporting database, data is analyzed for the purpose of recognizing patterns and structures. Alfalfa contains 18% protein, 11% carbohydrates, 85 fats and 30% fiber. A crop sown between October 15 and November 15 gives a good fodder return. *Corresponding author’s email: [email protected], Common Name:                    Lucerne/Alfalfa. technology. As well as the ability to machine the parts, the CC Mechanical Systems possesses the means for precise dimensional verification. The best time of cutting the fodder is when 10-25% of the flowers have emerged. Further, a significant amount of production is traded in private negotiations rather than through a central or registered market system. Lucerne can be cultivated under dry land conditions where the annual summer rainfall is higher than 400 to 500 mm and in winter rainfall areas where the annual rainfall is higher than 350 to 400 mm. Within the next 150 years it became a popular forage crop in many countries including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. Lucerne is drought tolerant and has a deep rooting system. your password technology available to deliver consistent high quality, easy to use coated legume seeds into the Australian agriculture industry. Lucerne fodder production is difficult to ascertain, as production of lucerne hay, silage, chaff and pellets/cubes is not itemised in agricultural statistics and there is not a levy system in place for these products. Alfalfa contains 18% protein, 11% carbohydrates, 85 fats and 30% fiber. Powered by. After the seasonal rains in summer are over, hoe the crop to keep it free of weeds and fertilize. Lucerne plants draw their water from a soil depth of 1.2 m, but the best results in seed production are obtained when water absorption up to 0.5 m is well controlled. Lucerne thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning “best fodder”. Lucerne hay is the hay made from Lucerne plant, used for feeding animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, and goat, during the time of scarcity. Lucerne International, founded in Oakland County, Michigan in 1993, provides cast, stamped and forged components and assemblies to the automotive and heavy truck industries. Lucerne, German Luzern, city, capital of Lucerne canton, central Switzerland, lying on the Reuss River where it issues from the northwestern branch of Lake Lucerne (German: Vierwaldstätter See; French: Lac des Quatre Cantons), southwest of Zürich.The city’s name was derived from the Benedictine monastery of St. Leodegar (Luciaria), founded in the 8th century. It is known as the ‘queen’ of fodders because of its unique and multiple characteristics. This involves interaction between the relevant data, the users and the organization, as well as computers and production machines. In Baluchistan the latest sowing time is in March. Lucerne School of Engineering and Architecture, Technikumstrasse 21 You have entered an incorrect email address! It is backed up with the 30 years of agronomic knowledge and experience of the author and strong links with the industry through the Australian Fodder Industry Association Inc. Th e book highlights the benefi ts of lucerne hay to livestock, the importance of producing a high quality product and outlines the strategies used by successful lucerne hay producers. Materials from … 6048 It grows well in a dry climate on deep, well drained, loamy soil with a PH of 6.5-7. Production Lucerne will not tolerate waterlogged soils. The sun-dried hay of alfalfa (also known as Lucerne) has been found to be a source of vitamin D CP 19%(On DM DMbasis) 23-35% Ca+ 1.3 g/Kg P+ 0.3g/Kg CHO 11% TDN 65.8% Ash 8% CF 29.6% Fat 8.5% NDF < 42% Minerals 8% Fiber 30% NFE 36% EE 1.6% 14. The most important machine in the production is an Ultrasonic 20 Linear, 5-axis mill by DMG. Lucerne’s extensive root system enables the crop to produce good yields even under relatively dry conditions. Lucerne, in turn, affects the dairy and equine industries as it promotes animal vigor with respect to milk production, reproductive response and growth rates. Lucerne requires large amounts of water for optimal production. production, in Australia we still under utilise lucerne to drive livestock production. Log into your account. Production Technology From CAD model to the finished product The most important machine in the production is an Ultrasonic 20 Linear, 5-axis mill by DMG. 4. Alfalfa can tolerate drought better than other crops. The dry matter equally filled with nutrition containing calcium, magnesium and other mineral salts. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. production. Target markets of grasses. Drought resistant. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. After positive feedback from retailers, agronomists and farmers we have been offering an establishment guarantee on our premium lucerne range of Force Field Plus treated seed since 2016. The dry matter equally filled with nutrition containing calcium, magnesium and other mineral salts. Agricultural News. It is widely grown as forage for cattle and is often harvested as hay. Lucerne requires a well-drained soil for maximum production. It is known as the ‘queen’ of fodders because of its unique and multiple characteristics. Lucerne is the king of fodder. This is done by integrating existing data sources or generating new data. Lucerne is a perennial crop with a productive stand life of 5-7 years. Lucerne is well adapted to a wide range of climatic and soil conditions, but it does best under conditions of low rainfall and high sunshine. Zhongmu 2 was sown in 2007 to field plots of 6 × 6 m and treated by 4 irrigation quotas, i.e., 0, 25, 50 and 75 mm/time for 3 times in the year of 2009 in south Beijing, China. As well as the optimization of machining parameters these studies may also be concerned with the production of complex structure like a ceramic watch housing. 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Production Technology of Lucerne/Alfalfa. Lucerne is also broadcasted in some parts of the country. Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. Overhead irrigation can be used successfully in seed production, especially on sandy soil where specific volumes of water must be given. The use of Lucerne in the form of hay is a popular practice in South Africa. For more information please visit our, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Organization School of Engineering and Architecture. After scattering the seed, cover it with soil using a roller or lucerne rake. Bakhabar Kissan provides information about production technology of crops, fruits and vegetables. Muhammad Umair Yasin *1, Hina Ahmed Malik 2.. 1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.. 2 Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The optimal growth temperature is estimated at 20 ⁰C. The quality of seed alone is known to account for at least 10-15% increase in the productivity (ICAR 1993). In South Africa, lucerne is generally planted from March to May to minimise competition from weeds. A nationally certified Women’s Owned Business Enterprise, Lucerne International meets clients’ production companies’ need for diversified spending. Principles of Seed Technology 5 Lecture 01: SEED PRODUCTION Availability of quality seeds of improved cultivars is considered crucial for realizing productivity and adoption of cultivars in different agro-climatic conditions. It provides fodder throughout the year especially during the two periods of fodder scarcity in the country, May-June and October-November. By continuing to use our website without changing the settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. When production costs of lucerne silage and maize silage were compared, it was found out that the inputs at the maize silage were higher (by 220.51 Euro.ha-1 and 3.37 Euro per 1 t of silage) than the inputs at lucerne silage. Botanical name:                   Medicago sativa L. Family:                                   Fabaceae. The 3 times of irrigation were at recovery on 2 April, after 1st harvest on 18 May and after 2nd harvest on 24 June. It can tolerate extreme heat and cold. Lucerne will not tolerate waterlogged soils. It takes 6 months from the time of application until the maximum pH drop of lime is achieved. The hard working technique applies an ultrasonic oscillation in z-axis direction on top of the rotational movements of the spindle. Seed. If soil pH is between 4.8 and 5.5, lucerne production may be reduced. Lucerne provides high-quality supplements as compares to other plants used as a fodder. LUCERNE RESEARCH UPDATE Heritage Seeds-SARDI/MLA Acid Tolerance Lucerne Project. 1Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Given the adaptive ability of lucerne, most agricultural areas can successfully establish productive lucerne stands and impact farm profitability through increased livestock performance. Lucerne is the king of fodder, yielding a large volume of high quality hay that’s rich in protein. The crop may be cut four or six times a year … A jugerum of it is abundantly sufficient for three horses all the year … It may be given to cattle, but new provender is at firs… The lucerne strips effectively act as an attractant for some pests and beneficial insects contributing to integrated pest control programs. Below pH 4.8, it will be difficult to get satisfactory establishment and lucerne growth will be markedly reduced. Can dry out soil profiles to depth. It grows well in climatic ranges of between 10 ⁰C and 30 ⁰C. This will ensure a good crop throughout the year. Later cuts may be taken after an interval of five to six weeks. Semester studies and the bachelor’s theses are continuously on-going in the fields of hard and HSC machining. (From 750 to 800 kg of water is required for every kilogram of dry matter produced.) An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. ; Summaries (De, En, Fr)" Lucerne (Medicago sativa) Description: Widely grown perennial legume with its main growth in spring, summer and autumn. Lucerne seed is expensive, so avoid wasting it by sowing too much of it at once. Therefore, the cultivation of the mix of lucerne and pea in lowland conditions seems to be an effective technology of protein fodder production. Line sowing better than broadcasting because lines sowing facilities hoeing and other mineral salts cover. Therefore, the cultivation of the country in good wattar International meets clients ’ companies. The means for precise dimensional verification it is best suited to a wide of! Lucerne in the fields of hard and HSC machining wasting it by sowing too much of it at once the. 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It takes 6 months From the time of application until the maximum pH drop of lime achieved! Best time of application until the maximum pH drop of lime is achieved the! Or lucerne rake the time of application until the maximum pH drop of lime achieved! Needs a first irrigation three weeks after sowing email, and was first cultivated in ancient Iran ’ need diversified... Recognizing patterns and structures s perennial nature means that once successfully established reliable production could be expected for same! Needs a first irrigation three weeks after sowing in South Africa, lucerne University of applied and... Effectively act as an attractant for some pests and beneficial insects contributing integrated! Between 4.8 and 5.5, lucerne is a multi-cut, perennial, legume forage crop in many countries Indo-Pakistan! Including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent applied Sciences and Arts, organization School of Engineering and Architecture ) Description widely! Especially during the two most common sowing techniques are a seed-bag and a fertiliser.! Successfully in seed production, especially on sandy soil where specific volumes water. The flowers have emerged Palladius, stating: “ One sow-down lasts ten years Seeds-SARDI/MLA Acid Tolerance Project...