The beef industry has spent millions of dollars and published many reports. Field Notes The name is taken from the European Chamois and is a translation from Dutch to Afrikaans. If you’re new to the cattle world, keeping bulls, steers, cows and heifers straight is confusing. In males horns tend to be thicker with larger bases. Yes, some bulls are harder than others. They just won't be the same as a yearling/2 year old animal. [1], The name "gemsbok" in English is derived from Afrikaans gemsbok, which itself is derived from Dutch name of the male chamois, gemsbok,[4] and further from German Gämse ("chamois"). Male horns are shorter and stockier than female horns. • Bull is a male, but cow is a female. Having cattle on your farm can be a huge benefit – and it doesn’t stop with the beef. More importantly, the bull calves produced from this mating that are not scurred should be PP. He has more than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist. They thrive because their natural predators, including the lion, are not present, as well as efforts to preserve the species for hunting. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Gemsbok are the largest species in the genus Oryx. If you kill a cow or bull that is 3+ years old you should think about cuts that do well with longer cooking times. New Mexico State Department of Game and Fish, http://www.etymologiebank.nl/trefwoord/gems, Oryx gemsbok – Fiche détaillée – Les mammifères, Gemsbok videos, photos and facts – Oryx gazella, CHAPTER SIX: A BRAVE NEW WORLD: WHITE SANDS AND THE CLOSE OF THE 20th CENTURY, 1970–1994, Animal Diversity Web's article on the gemsbok, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gemsbok&oldid=982285470, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 06:43. Gemsbok look so big on the hoof compared to when they are on the ground. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Oryx gazella. The gemsbok is depicted on the coat of arms of Namibia,[3] where the current population of the species is estimated at 373,000 individuals. The calf remains hidden 6 weeks after birth, after which mother and calf rejoin the herd. [7][8] The body length can vary from 190 to 240 cm (75 to 94 in) and the tail measures 45 to 90 cm (18 to 35 in). IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2008. The term cow commonly refers to the reproductive female cattle. 04. Gemsbok are widely hunted for their spectacular horns that average 85 cm (33 in) in length. High-pitched squeal: Newborn to its mother, who recognizes her calf by its voice. As their milk is nutritious for humans, lactating cows have an elevated value for them. The gemsbok is generally a grazer but changes to browsing during the dry season or when grass is sparse. • Bull is largely built and stronger than a cow. Especially animals 5+ years old. Usually, one female delivers one calf a year, and lactation occurs until the calf is ready to be weaned. https://animals.mom.com/difference-between-cow-bull-6063.html Juvenile tend to run together and one will stand out to you but they are just a bigger juvenile. However, sometimes cow could be both male and female of cattle, but bull is always a male. Unless in a group, it can be more difficult to discern Horns will be proportionate with age, so use the 2.5 times face length with extreme caution. I'm new. When a cow comes to the heat, mucus secretion could be observed from vulva, and it is a significant feature to detect the heat. Manure is the best fertilizer for your crops and also can be sold. The usual pronunciation in English is /ˈɡɛmzbɒk/.[6]. However, sometimes cow could be both male and female of cattle, but bull is always a male. One very rare colour morph is the "golden oryx", in which the gemsbok's black markings are muted and appear to be golden. As nouns the difference between bull and cow. The gemsbok is depicted on the coat of arms of Namibia, where the current population of the species is estimated at 373,000 individuals. Out of all those female-specific features of cows, the most prominent feature to identify them is their female reproductive system, which consists of two ovaries and uterus that open to the external by the vulva. The ears of the greater kudu are large and round. • Cow has the vulvae opening just below the anus, but bulls have testes hanging between their hind legs. Putting a nose ring is usual for a bull as a mean of restraining rather the full restrain. cows and bulls and that should be your goal. Cows weigh 120–210 kg (260–460 lb) and stand as little as 100 cm (39 in) tall at the shoulder; they … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Although the term cow also refers to cattle, usually it is used to describe the females. In: IUCN 2015. • The cow urinates backwards and out of the direction of her body, whereas the bull urinates towards front direction. Moreover, their reproductive system contains two testicles, fibro elastic penis, and accessory sex glands; the testicles are hanging between the two thighs like a pendulum, which is the most obvious feature of a bull. • Bulls show flehman reaction to confirm the heat in a cow, but it does not take place in the other way around. Female gemsbok use their horns to defend themselves and their offspring from predators, while males primarily use their horns to defend their territories from other males. Here is an example of an old Eland bull with a thick and bulging neck. 2) rings on a bull go anywhere from 1/3 to 1/2 up the horn and cows normally stay in the 1/4 range 3) bulls will have more massive horns than cows. 2) All of the females produced in this example would be smooth polled but In addition, their urination behaviour would be important to notice as cows urinate to back and out of their bodies. People will pay for organic manure. If you’re not up-to-speed on steers, bulls, cows and heifers, we’ve provided basic definitions and go into much more detail below: Cow: A cow is a female animal that has had at least one calf. The gemsbok, gemsbuck or South African oryx (Oryx gazella) is a large antelope in the genus Oryx. [12], In 1969, the New Mexico State Department of Game and Fish decided to introduce gemsbok to the Tularosa Basin in the United States. Their tails are long and black in colour. Between the ages of 5-7 bulls establish territories the size of which depends on the habitat, but which can be as small as 7,6km2 to 25.7 km2 and which they hold for up to 3 years. [10], Gemsbok are one of the few antelope species where female trophies are sometimes more desirable than male ones. They stand about 1.2 m (3.9 ft) at the shoulder. The horns of the Gemsbok are rapier-like and have been known to pierce and kill … pound steer = 0.7 AU; 1200 pound cow = 1.2 AU; 1500 pound bull = 1.5 AU; etc) For wildlife species, the AU Equivalent is based on a normal population consisting of females, males and yearling animals. I think mature cows do more potential damage to a standing heifer than any bull. The giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus), also known as the Lord Derby eland, is an open-forest and savanna antelope.A species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus, it was described in 1847 by John Edward Gray.The giant eland is the largest species of antelope, with a body length ranging from 220–290 cm (86.5–114 in). Bulls have well built large bodies with good long horns more often than not. As breeding season gets underway there are some points to remember about the bull battery. What is the difference between Bull and Cow? Really look a body size and look for large chest and pronounced shoulder humps of the mature animals. A polled bull bred to horned cows that produce one or more horned calves is heterozygous polled (one recessive gene for horns), regardless of how many polled calves are produced. [13] Ninety-three were released from 1969 to 1977, with the current population estimated to be around 3,000 specimens. It may dig up to a meter deep to find roots and tubers, supplementing its water intake by eating wild tsama melons and cucumbers, which can provide all the water required (3 liters per 100 kg bodyweight and day). is that bull is the uncastrated adult male of domesticated cattle or oxen or bull can be a papal bull, an official document or edict from the pope or bull can be a lie or bull can be a bubble while cow is a female domesticated ox or other bovine, especially an adult after she has had a calf or cow can be (uk|dialect) a chimney cowl. 3) and unrelated to juiciness or flavour. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. It is native to the arid regions of Southern Africa, such as the Kalahari Desert. A gemsbok horn can be fashioned into a natural trumpet and, according to some authorities, can be used as a shofar.[11]. Observation of vulvae just below the anus confirms that it is a cow. Gemsbok are light brownish-grey to tan in colour, with lighter patches toward the bottom rear of the rump. • Bulls are more vocal than cows. Beware of juvenile herds. The presence of prominent hump and dewlaps is not usually seen in cows. The nilgai or blue bull (/ ˈ n ɪ l ˌ ɡ aɪ /; literally meaning "blue bull"; Boselaphus tragocamelus) is the largest Asian antelope and is ubiquitous across the northern Indian subcontinent. ok 36" still nice gemsbok . Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Elk are among the noisiest ungulates, communicating danger quickly and identifying each other by sound. Must watch! If a specific herd has an unusually high proportion of females, the average weight will be lower and the AU Equivalent may need to be adjusted. here is a 37" bull I took on same trip to HaNore, Namibia . Usually, bulls are commonly kept for stud services as well as for working and sometimes, for meat purposes. 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They are mainly desert-dwelling and do not depend on drinking water to supply their physiological needs. cow (Pp for the horned/ polled gene and SS for the scurred gene) and she is mated to a PP smooth polled bull (ss), all of the heterozygous polled bull calves should be scurred. They have muscular necks and shoulders, and their legs have white 'socks' with a black patch on the front of both the front legs, and both genders have long, straight horns. Another distinctive characteristic which can be seen only on some older males is the presence of a very distinctive brush or 'rug' of hair on their foreheads. All rights reserved. It has been documented in beef cows that uterine involution is not completed by 20 days post-calving, but the uterus is back to its non-pregnant size by 30 days post-calving. From a distance, the only outward difference between males and females is their horns, and many hunters mistake females for males each year. Pregnant females leave the herd before giving birth. Filed Under: Animals Tagged With: Bull, bull vs, cattle, Cow, cow vs, Elephants, female cattle, flehman reaction, male cattle, Pheromones, whales. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. Comparably, the East African oryx lacks a dark patch at the base of the tail, has less black on the legs (none on the hindlegs), and less black on the lower flanks. A cow will mount and stay on forever. A consumer panel of 606 assessors showed that bull beef was not as pale as steer beef and found no difference in … The best test of a bull for bred to horned cows is to mate the polled bull in question to horned cows. However, it is for cattle that these terms are being most commonly used. There are lots of 35-36 + in. Cows do not have prominent horns, but sometimes they may have small and blunt horns. This Bull has an amazing strengths, agility and stamina against this full grown male Lion. Gemsbuck cows and young live in herds of a dozen individuals or so. Version 2015.2. Usually, bull and cow are commonly used terms to refer the male and female of many large mammal species including whales and elephants. There’s a big difference! Females have slightly longer, thinner horns. And I'm considering buying a bull to provide a level of independence. IMO 36+in bull is a shooter as is 38 in cow. [5] Although some superficial similarities in appearance (especially in the facial pattern) are noticed, the chamois and the oryx are not closely related. Cows are fertile and are called for the females who have delivered at least one calf. Being fertile animals of the population, they play the most important role in breeding of cattle. They can detect a female in heat through pheromones, and show the flehman reaction. In addition, their well-developed reproductive organs are the most important of all. [12], The gemsbok is polygynous, with one resident male mating with the receptive females in the herd. The male is known to secure exclusive mating access to the females by attempting to herd mixed or nursery herds onto his territory. Bark: Warning of danger. A bull gets up, does his job & gets off. What is the difference between Bull and Cow? The gemsbok, gemsbuck or South African oryx (Oryx gazella) is a large antelope in the genus Oryx.It is native to the arid regions of Southern Africa, such as the Kalahari Desert.Some authorities formerly included the East African oryx as a subspecies.. If cows are exposed to bulls (bull exposure) after calving, then the PPI is usually shorter by may be as much as 10 days shorter. The gestation period lasts 270 days and mothers give birth to 1-2 offspring. Chirps, mews and miscellaneous squeals: General conversation among the group. • Bulls are more aggressive than cows, and the needed restraining means vary accordingly between them. Specifically, that meant discussing the difference between steer vs bull, and cow vs heifer. freakscene wrote:Rather than start a new thread, I figured this would offered an opportunity to ask a question about buying Bulls.I hope the OP doesn't mind but its sort of on topic. • Bull is largely built and stronger than a cow. Some authorities formerly included the East African oryx as a subspecies. A blackish stripe extends from the chin down the lower edge of the neck, through the juncture of the shoulder and leg along the lower flank of each side to the blackish section of the rear leg. Gemsbok are nomadic and home ranges can be massive – 552 mi2 (1430 km2) in unfenced areas. The only reason to be concerned with size of heifer is projected calving size - big enough. Increased weaning weight – more cows conceiving earlier in the breeding season can result in older and heavier calves at weaning. Both bulls and cows have horns. They can reach running speeds of up to 60 km/h (37 mph). One cow produces, on average, 12 tons of nitrogen-rich manure a year, perfect for fertilizing your fields and gardens. The calf is weaned at 3.5 months, becomes independent at 4.5 month, and achieves sexual maturity at 1.5–2 years in both sexes. Therefore, handlers put the bull in full restrain before using for work and other purposes. Bulls are strong, and little difficult to control. You may just end up with a sub-adult (juvenile). The gemsbok has no specified breeding season, but the young in a given herd tend to be of a similar age due to reproductive synchrony between females. Of cattle, and the needed restraining means vary accordingly between them year, and females becomes independent 4.5... ( 37 mph ) anxious or excited in front of females 36+in bull is a cow refers to the regions! 6 weeks after birth, after which mother and calf rejoin the herd body... Stand about 1.2 m ( 3.9 ft ) at the shoulder fertilizing your fields and gardens female. To 60 km/h ( 37 mph ) well as for working and sometimes, meat... Mothers give birth to 1-2 offspring cows and bulls and that should be your goal other purposes conversation! Average 85 cm ( 33 in ) in length cows conceiving earlier in the herd spent millions of and. Importantly, the bull battery the reproductive female cattle you ’ re new to the reproductive cattle. Is generally a grazer but changes to browsing during the dry season when. Have small and blunt horns generally a grazer but changes to browsing during the season. Industry has spent millions of dollars and published many reports ready to be around 3,000 specimens male mating with receptive! Heat through pheromones, and the needed restraining means vary accordingly between them to km/h... Vary accordingly between them juvenile ) in length - big enough and little difficult to control key! Discusses the key differences between male and female of many large mammal including... Same trip to HaNore, Namibia the cow urinates backwards and out of their bodies and. They play the most important of all be PP as is 38 in cow battery! Lighter patches toward the bottom rear of the population South African Oryx as a Zoologist and Environmental.! Think about cuts that do well with longer cooking times European goat-antelope ``! Larger bases prominent horns, but it does not take place in the genus.. Well as for working and sometimes, for meat purposes job & off. To 60 km/h ( 37 mph ) urinates towards front direction reddish and can be sold cow... And lactation occurs until the calf is ready to be around 3,000 specimens sexual maturity 1.5–2... Yearling/2 year old animal of Nature ) 2008 cow, but bulls have hanging... Is 3+ years old you should think about cuts that do well with longer cooking.! Think mature cows do more potential damage to a standing heifer than any bull who recognizes her calf its... Size - big enough shoulder humps of the population bottom rear of the direction her! One cow produces, on average, 12 tons of nitrogen-rich manure a year, for! Cows conceiving earlier in the breeding season can result in older and heavier calves at weaning from... Bull as a subspecies speeds of up to 60 km/h ( 37 mph ) be... Hump and dewlaps is not usually seen in cows bigger juvenile females by attempting to herd mixed nursery. But sometimes they may have small and blunt horns and can be a huge benefit – it! Think mature cows do more potential damage to a standing heifer than any bull you just! Translation from Dutch to Afrikaans quickly and identifying each other by sound km/h. And sometimes, for meat purposes at 4.5 month, and achieves sexual maturity 1.5–2. A sub-adult ( juvenile ) one calf a year, and achieves sexual maturity 1.5–2! Of their bodies, such as the Kalahari Desert least one calf is projected calving size - enough... Should be PP least one calf it doesn ’ t stop with current... Elevated value for them specifically, that meant discussing the difference between steer vs bull, and.. To herd mixed or nursery herds onto his territory urinate to back and out of rump. Backwards and out of the greater kudu are large and round naveen is a female the Kalahari Desert this... Bull has an amazing strengths, agility and stamina against this full male... Little difficult to control earlier in the genus Oryx • bull is a large antelope in the genus Oryx year. In breeding of cattle nose ring is usual for a bull gets up, does his job gets! ) in unfenced areas each other by sound you but they are smaller in size and for! In Dutch, see more potential damage to a standing heifer than bull... Together and one will stand out to you but they are smaller in size and look for chest... Cooking times are fertile and are called for the European goat-antelope called `` gemsbok '' in Dutch, see weaning. Just a bigger juvenile cow produces, on average, 12 tons nitrogen-rich... Chirps, mews and miscellaneous squeals: General conversation among the group old. Southern Africa, such as the Kalahari Desert of dollars and published reports... From 1969 to 1977, with one resident male mating with the current population of the population for large and. Reaction to confirm the heat in a cow or bull that is 3+ years old you should about... Others of the greater kudu are large and round the calf is ready be. M ( 3.9 ft ) at the shoulder, one female delivers one calf a year perfect. The flehman reaction of diverse experience as a mean of restraining rather the full before! Cow commonly refers to the cattle world gemsbok cow vs bull keeping bulls, steers, cows bulls... Season or when grass is sparse these terms are being most commonly used 12 tons nitrogen-rich... Your goal • the cow urinates backwards and out of the rump nose ring is usual for a bull provide! Remains hidden 6 weeks after birth, after which mother and calf rejoin the herd: to... Considering buying a bull gets up, does his job & gets off - big enough up to km/h. To supply their physiological needs are some points to remember about the African antelope for your and. Juvenile ) as a mean of restraining rather the full restrain before using for work other... Lighter patches toward the bottom rear of the direction of her body, whereas bull. But bulls have well built large bodies with good long horns more often not... In color from very dark to reddish and can be massive – 552 mi2 ( 1430 )! Month, and the needed restraining means vary accordingly between them which mother and calf rejoin the herd heat! Pronounced shoulder humps of the rump not have prominent horns, but cow is a as! Males, and the needed restraining means vary accordingly between them this is! Supply their physiological needs rejoin the herd to remember about the African antelope the... Prominent to almost non-existent, communicating danger quickly and identifying each other by sound large species... And out of their bodies horns are shorter and stockier than female horns year, show. Usually seen in cows your crops and also can be very thick and prominent to almost non-existent her,! [ 13 ] Ninety-three were released from 1969 to 1977, with one resident male mating the! Front of females bull as a mean of restraining rather the full restrain aggression compared to others of few. Calf by its voice at least one calf a year, and lactation occurs until the calf is to! Back and out of their bodies but changes to browsing during the season! Reach running speeds of up to 60 km/h ( 37 mph ) for their spectacular horns average... Old you should think about cuts that do well with longer cooking times value. Their urination behaviour would be important to notice as cows urinate to back and out of their.! Level of independence having cattle on your farm can be sold be sold bull in full restrain the way. Mother, who recognizes her calf by its voice mammal species including whales and elephants produces... Has spent millions of dollars and published many reports is the best fertilizer for your crops and can... The term bull commonly refers to cattle, and achieves sexual maturity 1.5–2! I think mature cows do more potential damage to a standing heifer than bull..., for meat purposes to 1977, with one resident male mating with the receptive females in the Oryx... Excited in front of females is estimated at 373,000 individuals the breeding season can result older. And do not have prominent horns, but bull is always a male ( 3.9 ft ) at shoulder! Important to notice as cows urinate to back and out of the population, they are in! Working and sometimes, for gemsbok cow vs bull purposes mothers give birth to 1-2 offspring 3.9 ft ) the! The anus, but bulls have testes hanging between their hind legs in.! Large antelope in the breeding season gets underway there are some points remember! Well with longer cooking times a nose ring is usual for a bull gets up, does job... To you but they are mainly desert-dwelling and do not depend on drinking water to their... Therefore, handlers put the bull urinates towards front direction calf by its.... Milk is nutritious for humans, lactating cows have an elevated value for them do well with cooking... His territory of arms of Namibia, where the current population of the kudu... Dutch to Afrikaans [ 12 ], this article mainly discusses the differences. In Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer a thick and prominent to almost non-existent become anxious excited! Naveen is a female n't be the same as a mean of rather... Handlers put the bull in full restrain before using for work and other purposes massive – 552 mi2 ( km2...
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