[13] She joined the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the destroyers Karl Galster and Wilhelm Heidkamp in a sortie into the North Sea off Bergen, Norway. Admiral Hipper was laid in 1935, and on April 29, 1939, officially joined the Kriegsmarine. Following her return from the North Sea sortie, Admiral Hipper was assigned to the forces tasked with the invasion of Norway, codenamed Operation Weserübung. Five of the twenty ships were allocated to Operation Excess. [29] The Kriegsmarine had initially sought to send the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau to operate in concert with Admiral Hipper, but Gneisenau suffered storm damage in December that prevented the participation of the two ships. The ship was named after Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. [24] While on the patrol, Admiral Hipper encountered the Finnish freighter Ester Thorden, which was found to be carrying 1.75 t (1.72 long tons; 1.93 short tons) of gold. The ships of the Admiral Hipper class varied slightly in size. 3 boiler filled with a mix of oil and water, which forced the crew to turn off the starboard turbine engine. [12], Sea trials in the Baltic resumed in January 1940, but severe ice restrained the ship to port. The last two of these were never completed while Seydlitz was slated to … [7] The Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, Großadmiral (Grand Admiral) Erich Raeder, who had been Franz von Hipper's chief of staff during World War I, gave the christening speech and his wife Erika Raeder performed the christening. 03.04.1945: Admiral Hipper is hit by bombs during a British air attack. Any study on this subject was impossible under the Reichsmarine, Versailles prohibiting anything but eight light cruisers of less than 6,000 tons. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. The fire forced the crew to shut down the ship's propulsion system until the blaze could be brought under control; this rendered Admiral Hipper motionless for several hours on the open sea. [27] Another round of routine maintenance work was effected while the ship was in Brest, readying her for another sortie into the Atlantic shipping lanes. 1 Introduction 2 Namesake 3 Profile 4 Attributes 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 External Links Launched in 1933, Admiral Scheer was one of three Deutschland-class heavy cruisers that served the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. The subsequent, second training voyage lasted from 3 to 24 July. Admiral Hipper saw a significant amount of action during the war, notably present during the Battle of the Atlantic. [27] Admiral Hipper did not initially spot the escorting warships, and so began attacking the convoy. [25], Ten minutes later, Berwick reappeared off Admiral Hipper's port bow;[25][27] the German cruiser fired several salvos from her forward turrets and scored hits on the British cruiser's rear turrets, waterline, and forward superstructure. [22], After arriving off Trondheim, Admiral Hipper successfully passed herself off as a British warship long enough to steam past the Norwegian coastal artillery batteries. She was briefly used to patrol the Baltic, but she did not see combat, and was quickly returned to training exercises. Set for April 8-9, a key feature of the plan was to embark the troops on fast warships, rather than ordinary troop transports, to permit sim… [52] After returning to Altafjord, emergency repairs to Admiral Hipper were effected, which allowed her to return to Bogen Bay on 23 January 1943. Aware that they had been detected, the Germans aborted the operation and turned over the attack to U-boats and the Luftwaffe. [28] The cruiser escorted the destroyers Z23, Z28, Z29, and Z30 on 24–28 September to lay a minefield off the north-west coast of Novaya Zemlya. Sign up to get updates about new releases and event invitations. She was the lead ship of her class that was scheduled to field five such total vessels. Admiral Hipper Class Cruisers by Steve Backer reviewed by Timothy Dike: This new Shipcraft book on the German Hipper Class Cruisers covers the five ships in the class. Lützow inadvertently came alongside Sheffield and Jamaica, and after identifying them as hostile, engaged them. The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service captured the Arado, which was painted in Norwegian colors and used by the Norwegians until 18 April when it was evacuated to Britain. At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. Admiral Hipper's firing was more accurate and quickly straddled Sheffield, though the British cruiser escaped unscathed. [25], The ship made a second attempt to break out into the Atlantic on 30 November; she successfully navigated the Denmark Strait undetected on 6 December. [13] The ship was assigned as the flagship of Group 2, along with the destroyers Paul Jakobi, Theodor Riedel, Friedrich Eckoldt, and Bruno Heinemann. The ship is heavily damaged. The Admiral Hipper was the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers, named after Admiral Franz von Hipper. Admiral Hipper was a heavy cruiser of the German navy. Admiral Hipper-class cruiser is part of the Heavy cruisers of Germany series, a good topic. [45] In the aftermath of the failed operation, a furious Hitler proclaimed that the Kriegsmarine's surface forces would be paid off and dismantled, and their guns used to reinforce the fortifications of the Atlantic Wall. [28], On 1 February 1941, Admiral Hipper embarked on her second Atlantic sortie. 433 75. [15] The five ships carried a total of 1,700 Wehrmacht mountain troops, whose objective was the port of Trondheim; the ships loaded the troops in Cuxhaven. ThatZenoGuy. [43], In December 1942, convoy traffic to the Soviet Union resumed. [7] The bell has since been returned to Germany and is on display at the Laboe Naval Memorial. Over the next five months, Admiral Hipper ran a series of sea trials in the Baltic, but failed to reach operational status. Blücher was 195 … [3] Her keel was laid on 6 July 1935,[6] under construction number 246. The British destroyer scored one hit on Admiral Hipper's starboard bow before a rudder malfunction set the ship on a collision course with the German cruiser. [10], Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea) Hellmuth Heye was given command of the ship at her commissioning. [53] That day, Admiral Hipper, Köln, and the destroyer Richard Beitzen left the Altafjord to return to Germany. [31] That evening, she picked up the unescorted convoy SLS 64, which contained nineteen merchant ships. The Admiral Hipper-class was a group of five heavy cruisers built by the German Kriegsmarine in the mid 1930s. On 17 February, the Kriegsmarine pronounced the ship fully operational, and on the following day, Admiral Hipper began her first major wartime patrol. [2], Admiral Hipper was 202.8 meters (665 ft) long overall and had a beam of 21.3 m (70 ft) and a maximum draft of 7.2 m (24 ft). [11] After her commissioning in April 1939, Admiral Hipper steamed into the Baltic Sea to conduct training maneuvers. Entering service in April of 1939, she saw a lot of action during World War II, notably during the Battle of the Atlantic. The German high command began planning for the invasion of Norway and Denmark in the winter of 1939-40. In December 1940, she broke out into the Atlantic Ocean to operate against Allied merchant shipping, though this operation ended without significant success. She had four triple 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo launchers, all on the main deck next to the four range finders for the anti-aircraft guns. Admiral Karl Dönitz, Raeder's successor, persuaded Hitler to retain the surface fleet, however. [30] Admiral Hipper rendezvoused with a tanker off the Azores to top up her fuel tanks. She therefore returned to Brest on 15 February. The Admiral Hipper class, heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine, are today's subject. The three ships stopped in Narvik on 25 January, and in Trondheim from 30 January to 2 February. The ships operated under the command of Admiral Wilhelm Marschall. Captain Robert Sherbrooke, the British escort commander, left two destroyers to cover the convoy while he took the remaining four to pursue Admiral Hipper. The project of a cruiser with 150 mm guns (cruiser K), which was developed in the mid-1930s on the basis of the Admiral Hipper-class ships, shortly after the construction of the latter began. Owing to the uncertainty over the condition of his flagship and the ferocity of the British defense, Kummetz issued the following order at 10:37: "Break off action and retire to the west. If you can improve it further, please do so. [28] Repairs were effected quickly, however, and the two battleships broke out into the Atlantic in early February. [13] Admiral Hipper then resumed course toward Trondheim. On 3 July, Admiral Hipper joined the cruisers Lützow and Admiral Scheer and the battleship Tirpitz for Operation Rösselsprung, an attack on convoy PQ 17. Iron Blood Ships Destroyer Common Z20 - Z21: Rare Z18 - Z19 - Z36: Elite Z1 - Z2 - Z23 - Z24 - Z25 - Z26 - Z28 - Z35: Super Rare Z46: Light Cruiser Common Karlsruhe - Köln - Königsberg: Rare Leipzig: Elite Super Rare Priority Mainz: Heavy Cruiser Admiral Hipper rained fire on Glowworm, scoring several hits. The ships failed to find the convoy, and returned to Trondheim to refuel. The other two hits started a fire in her aircraft hangar. Operation "Weserübung," as it was called, was intended to forestall a Allied occupation of these countries, to secure access to iron ore resources, and to use Norway as a base for naval operations. Forty survivors were picked up by the German ship. Why was the Admiral Hipper class magazines above the shell rooms? [45] One of the hits damaged the ship's propulsion system; the No. She then received Kummetz's order, and turned west to rendezvous with Admiral Hipper. Kummetz then turned back north to draw the destroyers away. Like the other ships in the series, this one covers history and prototype info, model and aftermarket reviews, a modeler gallery, and marking and reference sections. [28] By 28 March, the cruiser was docked in Kiel, having made the entire journey without being detected by the British. Großadmiral Raeder ordered a plan, Operation Regenbogen, to use the available surface units in Norway to launch an attack on the convoys. In February 1941, Admiral Hipper sortied again, sinking several merchant vessels before eventually returning to Germany via the Denmark Strait. In World War II they participated in the battle for Norway and Operation Cerberus, and were part of anti-convoy operations and Baltic patrols. Dates of Construction: Laid down between 1935 and 1936 and completed between 1939 and 1940. Raeder ordered the forces assigned to Operation Regenbogen into action. The following morning, Admiral Hipper closed in and sank several of the ships. In July 1945, after the end of the war, Admiral Hipper was raised and towed to Heikendorfer Bay and subsequently broken up for scrap in 1948–1952. Lützow and the remaining three destroyers would then attack the undefended convoy from the south. In the course of the battle, the British destroyer Achates was sunk by the damage inflicted by Admiral Hipper. [37] Escorting the convoy were the battleships HMS Duke of York and USS Washington and the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious. In return, the British sank Friederich Eckoldt and damaged Admiral Hipper, and forced the Germans to abandon the attack on the convoy. [14] The ships attempted to locate British merchant shipping, but failed and returned to port on 20 February. As a result, Admiral Hipper was returned to Germany and decommissioned for repairs. She entered the Germaniawerft shipyard for refitting. [40], The British submarine Tigris unsuccessfully attempted to torpedo Admiral Hipper on 10 September, while the ship was patrolling with Admiral Scheer and the light cruiser Köln. The ship was laid down at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg in July 1935 and launched February 1937; Admiral Hipper entered service shortly before the outbreak of war, in April 1939. Admiral Hipper leaves Gotenhafen (Gdynia) with 1529 refugees on board following the passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel. Burnett's ships approached from Admiral Hipper's starboard side and achieved complete surprise. The main battery turrets had 105 mm (4.1 in) thick faces and 70 mm thick sides. [53], By the end of 1944, the ship was due for another overhaul; work was to have lasted for three months. Intended to be a class of five, they enjoyed contrasting fortunes: Seydlitz and Lützow were never completed; Blücher was the first major German warship sunk in action; Admiral Hipper became one of the most successful commerce raiders of the war; while the Prinz Eugen survived to be expended as a target in one of the first American nuclear tests in 1946. [46], Rear Admiral Robert Burnett's Force R, centered on the cruisers Sheffield and Jamaica, standing by in distant support of the Allied convoy,[44] raced to the scene. In historical terms, the Admiral Hipper class of cruisers were the most advanced designs ever commissioned by the Kriegsmarine. Several British submarines were patrolling the area, but failed to intercept the German flotilla. [3] As designed, her standard complement consisted of 42 officers and 1,340 enlisted men. Following the postponement of that operation, on 24 September the ship left Wilhelmshaven on a mission break out into the Atlantic Ocean to raid merchant traffic. El barco poseía varias ventajas típicas de los barcos de la Marina Alemana; un avanzado sistema de control de tiro y un elevado nivel de supervivencia. Specifications for Admiral Hipper class The Treaty of Versailles forbade the construction of heavy German warships. On 3 May, RAF bombers attacked the harbor and severely damaged the ship. [47] In the initial series of salvos from the British cruisers, Admiral Hipper was hit three times. The ships steamed out of the roadstead at midnight on the night of 6–7 April. On 29 January 1945, the ship left Gotenhafen, arriving in Kiel on 2 February. After commission, Admiral Hipper … Admiral Hipper and Blucher had single hangars, while the others had double hangars with the catapult placed differently. The Admiral Hipper was classified as a "heavy cruiser" type vessel and commissioned in April 1939, this prior to World War 2 proper. However, 1935, the British-German Naval Treaty was ratified, which allows the Kriegsmarine to build up to 35% of the tonnage of the Royal Navy in the corresponding warship class. admiral hipper-class Units: Admiral Hipper, Blücher, Prinz Eugen Type and Significance: These vessels were among the largest heavy cruisers in the service of the German Navy in World War II. After trying to purchase fuel from locals, the aircrew were detained and handed over to the police. Nevertheless, repairs were completed in the span of two weeks. Products of Germany's race to rearm in the late 1930s, heavy cruisers of the Admiral Hipper class were, for their time, among the world's most formidable and revolutionary warships. In 1935, Germany signed the Anglo–German Naval Agreement with Great Britain, which provided a legal basis for German naval rearmament; the treaty specified that Germany would be able to build five 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) "treaty cruisers". [13], On 13 June, the ship's anti-aircraft gunners shot down an attacking British bomber. Admiral Hipper— German Tier VIII cruiser. She combined the rapid-fire battery of light cruisers with the survivability of heavy ones. Intended to be a class of five, they enjoyed contrasting fortunes: Seydlitz and Lützow were never completed; Blücher was the first major German warship sunk in action; Admiral Hipper became one of the most successful commerce raiders of the war; while the Prinz Eugen survived to be expended as a target in one of the first American nuclear tests in 1946. In August, the ship conducted live fire drills in the Baltic. They were designed as an importance to heavy cruisers due to the fact that Nazi Germany had realized the importance of heavy cruisers in battle. [54] After resuming the voyage south, the ships searched for Norwegian blockade runners in the Skagerrak on 6 February before putting into port at Kiel on 8 February. The ships were only made so by violating the limits of the Versailles Treaty of the Allies. The ship was assigned as the flagship of Group 2, along with the destroyers Paul Jakobi, Theodor Riedel, Friedrich Eckoldt, and Bruno Heinemann. Kummetz dispatched the destroyer Z27 to sink the two Soviet ships. A raked funnel cap was also installed. Admiral Hipper had a smooth deck body in which armor plates added additional strength. The first five volumes of this much sought after series are now available in paperback, with the sixth volume German Light Cruisers of World War II, planned for release in the fall of 2014. [41] The goal of the operation was to funnel merchant traffic further south, closer to the reach of German naval units in Norway. [a] Her anti-aircraft battery consisted of twelve 10.5 cm (4.1 in) L/65 guns, twelve 3.7 cm (1.5 in) guns, and eight 2 cm (0.79 in) guns. [28] On 11 February, the ship encountered and sank an isolated transport from convoy HG 53, which had been dispersed by U-boat and Luftwaffe attacks. As the Soviet army pushed the Germans back on the Eastern Front, her crew was drafted into construction work on the defenses of the city, further impairing Admiral Hipper's ability to enter active service. Admiral Hipper's armor thicknesses were generally less than that of New Orleans and Tuscaloosa. [36] There, they joined the heavy cruisers Lützow and Prinz Eugen, though the latter soon returned to Germany for repairs after being torpedoed. The Soviet Army had advanced so far, however, that it was necessary to move the ship farther away from the front, despite the fact that she had only one working turbine. Post Dec 24, 2020 #1 2020-12-24T07:43. Admiral Hipper was powered by three sets of geared steam turbines, which were supplied with steam by twelve ultra-high pressure oil-fired boilers. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. [1] The Admiral Hippers were nominally within the 10,000-ton limit, though they significantly exceeded the figure. [13][16] The ships steamed to the Schillig roadstead outside Wilhelmshaven, where they joined Group 1, consisting of ten destroyers, and the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, which were assigned to cover Groups 1 and 2. [21], One of Admiral Hipper's Arado seaplanes had to make an emergency landing in Eide, Norway on 8 April. The quality of the armor was about the same in either: Wh and Ww for the Germans, and Class B and STS for the US. [19], The collision with Glowworm tore off a 40-meter (130 ft) section of Admiral Hipper's armored belt on the starboard side, as well as the ship's starboard torpedo launcher. [28] On 28–29 October, Admiral Hipper and the destroyers Friedrich Eckoldt and Richard Beitzen were transferred further north from Narvik to the Altafjord. The ship was never restored to operational status, however, and on 3 May 1945, Royal Air Force bombers severely damaged her while she was in Kiel. KzS Heye was given command of Group 2 during the operation. [50] Meanwhile, Lützow closed to within 3 nmi (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) of the convoy, but due to poor visibility, she held her fire. [53] The ship was moved in April to Pillau in the Baltic, to put Admiral Hipper out of the reach of Allied bombers. Admiral Hipper intercepted WS.5A, a convoy of 20 troopships on 24 December,[25] some 700 nautical miles (1,300 km; 810 mi) west of Cape Finisterre. 433 75. Glowworm attempted to flee, but when it became apparent she could not break away from the pursuing cruiser, she turned toward Admiral Hipper and fired a spread of torpedoes, all of which missed. The class comprised Admiral Hipper (the lead ship), Blücher, Prinz Eugen, Seydlitz, and Lützow. [25] With her main guns she badly damaged two ships,[27] one of which was the 13,994-long-ton (14,219 t) transport Empire Trooper, before spotting the heavy cruiser Berwick and destroyers steaming toward her. The Germans also sank the minesweeper Bramble and damaged the destroyers Onslow, Obedient, and Obdurate. This volume covers the Admiral Hipper class, among the largest heavy cruisers to serve in World War II. The German Navy had preferred approaches for the Admiral Hippers to fight battleships, cruisers, and carriers. The "danger zone" was 21km. The ship was laid down at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg in July 1935 and launched February 1937; Admiral Hipper entered service shortly before the outbreak of war, in April 1939. Her crew scuttled the ship at her moorings, and in July 1945, she was raised and towed to Heikendorfer Bay. They had been succeeded only by “leichtes kreuzer”, Armed with 150 mm pieces. This was completed on 9 September and with a new commanding officer, Wilhelm Meisel, the cruiser made ready to participate in Operation Sea Lion, the planned invasion of the United Kingdom. In the mist, the destroyer encountered the British destroyer HMS Glowworm; the two destroyers engaged each other until Bernd von Arnim's commander requested assistance from Admiral Hipper. "[49] Mistakenly identifying Sheffield as Admiral Hipper, the destroyer Friederich Eckoldt approached too closely and was sunk. The ship was then transferred to northern Norway to participate in operations against convoys to the Soviet Union, culminating in the Battle of the Barents Sea on 31 December 1942, where she sank the destroyer Achates and the minesweeper Bramble but was in turn damaged and forced to withdraw by the light cruisers HMS Sheffield and HMS Jamaica. The scattered vessels could no longer be protected by the convoy escorts, and the Germans sank 21 of the 34 isolated transports. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. On 7 November, the cruiser's Arado Ar 196 floatplane located the 7,925-long-ton (8,052 t) Soviet tanker Donbass and its escort, the auxiliary warship BO-78. By March, the ship was again fully operational. [57], "L/60" denotes the length of the gun in terms of, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in May 1945, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Admiral_Hipper&oldid=1001913745, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Scuttled, 3 May 1945, raised and scrapped in 1948–1952, 16,170 t (15,910 long tons; 17,820 short tons) (design), This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 23:27. [6] In November 1939, the ship returned to the Blohm & Voss dockyard for modifications; these included the replacement of the straight stem with a clipper bow and the installation of the funnel cap. The ship also made port calls to various Baltic ports, including cities in Estonia and Sweden. The ship was seized and sent to occupied Norway with a prize crew. However, the second, convoy JW 51B, was spotted by the submarine U-354 south of Bear Island. The Wilhlem Gustloff was torpedoed by a Russian submarine, but Admiral Hipper arrived at Kiel unharmed on 02.02. [3], Admiral Hipper was ordered by the Kriegsmarine from the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg. The first convoy of the month, JW 51A, passed to the Soviet Union without incident. The five ordered ships of the Admiral Hipper-class were laid down between July 1935 - August 1937. Vizeadmiral Oskar Kummetz commanded the squadron from Admiral Hipper. [18] Glowworm's boilers exploded shortly after the collision, causing her to sink quickly. Admiral Hipper was the nameship of Admiral Hipper-class. [23] Before they reached Harstad, the Germans learned that the Allies had already abandoned the port. The Admiral Hipper was laid down in 1935 in Blohm & Voss shipyard and launched in February of 1937. This volume covers the Admiral Hipper class, among the largest heavy cruisers to serve in World War II. 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