Flagstones – large stones used as an attractive floor finish. Stud Partition – lightweight, sometimes non-load bearing wall construction, comprising a framework of timber faced with plaster, plasterboard or other finish. Corbel –  projection of stone, brick, timber or metal jutting out from a wall to support a weight above. Rafter –  a sloping roof beam, usually timber, forming the carcass of a roof. Tie Bar – metal bar passing through a wall, or walls, bracing the structure. mono: "", Metal reinforcement within that layer is liable to early corrosion, with consequent fracturing of the concrete in some cases. CURB - (1) The stone or concrete edging of a side walk or paved street; (2) the raised edge of a floor or well opening. including any mortar laid with them. Can also affect furniture. Underpinned properties can be difficult to sell and insure. Sub-Soil – soil lying immediately below the topsoil. Linked to cancer. Head – upper horizontal member of a door frame, window frame, partition frame etc. Fragile -will not usually bear heavy weights. One in charge Daddy. Balanced (or room sealed ) Flue – common flue type normally serving gas appliances, which allows air to be drawn to the appliance whilst also allowing fumes to escape. Binder – a cross timber laid over ceiling joists to reduce their effective span and prevent sagging. Newel –  stout post supporting a staircase handrail at top and bottom. Used to be cotton or canvas, now mainly plastic. Usually concrete or steel in newer construction. window cill) designed to stop water running down the face of the building. The material is usually safe if left in-situ. Combed wheat Reed – the most common method of thatching in our area. Footings –  older, usually shallow, form or foundation of brick or stone. Auxiliary data. Screed – final, smooth finish of a solid floor; usually cement, concrete or asphalt. Only has a short life. Sarking Felt – felt or other lining laid across rafters of a pitched roof to provide a secondary means of defence against water penetration. Balustrade –  a collective name for a row of balusters or other infilling below a handrail on a stair or parapet. I’ll miss this blue when Storm Dorota or … Mullion – vertical bar dividing individual lights in a window. Used in sealants, mineral felts and damp-proof courses. Conduit – usually a metal or plastic tube used to protect electrical cables. Strips of glass used to be fitted to check for movement and can occasionally be seen on older buildings. Cob –   walling of damp earth sometimes mixed with cement, rammed without reinforcement into a formwork. Spall – splitting of masonry, tiles etc. Away from the window a tree gives height. Usually due to the freezing and expansion of trapped water (frost damage). Steel beams are usually referred to as RSJs (rolled steel joists). | Allcott Associates LLP is a limited liability partnership in England and Wales with registered number OC354330. 2 Georgian Architecture - Theory of Design. Easily confused with rising damp. Efflorescence –  powdery white salts crystallized on the surface of a wall as a result of moisture evaporation. Straw is used, rather than water reed as the name suggests. Asbestos – material used in the past for insulation and fire protection. I want, I want, I want! Now widely used in domestic construction. Verges are often finished with mortar and a barge board below. Two different colors of metal edge trim Here are 5 alternatives to the classic and common bullnose tile edge trim. Flue –   smoke duct in a chimney, or a proprietary pipe serving a heat producing appliance such as a central heating boiler. Use this valid 50% off Amazon promo code to save on your Prime order. 7 Late Victorian and Edwardian Architecture - Change. Cheap method of decking to flat roofs, floors and (with Formica or melamine surface) used extensively for furniture, especially kitchen units. Casement Window – a window composed of hinged, pivoted or fixed sashes. Oversite –   rough concrete below timber ground floors. Full Covid19 precautionary measures are in place. READ PAPER. 27. Collar –   horizontal timber member designed to restrain opposing roof slopes. Cold Roof – a roof in which the insulation is placed below the deck or structure. Purlin – horizontal beam in a roof upon which rafters rest. Secondary Glazing – additional layer of glazing fixed in its own frame within a window opening. Valley Gutter –   horizontal or sloping gutter, usually lead-or-tile-lined, at the internal intersection between two roof slopes. Not to be confused with a “septic tank” which treats waste. Gable – upper section of a wall, usually triangular in shape, at either end of a ridged roof. A very serious form of fungus that attacks structural and joinery timbers, often with devastating results. With Solution Essays, you can get high-quality essays at a lower price. Cames –   The lead bars in leaded windows. Used on flat roofs and floors. concrete may be pre-cast in sections which are later taken to the position where they are required or it may be cast ‘in situ’. Cruck Beams –  pairs of curved timbers, which run from ground level and meet at the ridge. Verge – the edge of a sloping roof which overhangs the gable. Our registered office is Fosse Way, Unit 3, First Floor, The Fosse, Radford Semele, Warwickshire, England, CV31 1XN | VAT No: 815 7935 03 | Website Design by Bowler Hat, Structural Calculations for Solar Panel Installation. Expansion Tank – small tank required for many central heating installations to provide water for the system and to allow for overflow. Double Glazing – a method of thermal and sound insulation usually either with sealed units – two panes of glass fixed and hermetically sealed together; or secondary – a second “window” positioned inside the original window. Remove the beading and putty to take out any fixed panes. Damp-Proof Membrane –  horizontal layer of impervious material (usually polythene or bitumen). Often occurs to windows and the lower areas of walls. Other proprietary flue liners are also available. Carbonation –    a natural process affecting the outer layer of concrete. Unfortunately, these can easily rot and are often affected by wood-boring insect attack. These tiles may have a rounded or angular cross-section. Kerb – profile fixed to a flat roof deck abutting an adjacent wall, but not fixed to it. Replacement ties are then required. Trussed Rafters –  (or pre-formed trusses) method of roof construction utilising prefabricated triangular framework of timbers. Hip – the junction between the slopes at the angled end of a roof. Step 11. String – the sides of a staircase. Place the LYFE on any window sill and watch it gently rotate, showering your plant with warm sunlight a full 360 degrees all year round. Asbestos Cement – cement mixed with up to 15% asbestos fibre as reinforcement. Will easily fall out if the wall is broken open for any reason. Usually affects old hardwoods with fungal decay already present. I have always feared that this day would come – so it’s time for me to make quite a startling … Hardcore – broken bricks or stone which, consolidated, are used as a base under floors. Soldier Arch – flat arch of uncut bricks on end, usually over a window opening. Combination Boiler –   central heating boiler that also provides hot water on demand, sometimes within a pressurised system. Bay Window – a window formed in a projection of a wall and carried on foundations. Inspection Chamber – commonly called the “man-hole”: access point to a drain comprising a chamber (of brick, concrete or plastic) with the drainage channel at its base and a removable cover at ground level. Parapet – low wall along the edge of a roof, balcony etc. 8 Between the Wars, 1918-1939 - Part One. Quoin – the external angle of a building; or specifically, bricks or stone blocks forming that angle. Usually of shaped timber construction. Belfry Chamber or stage in a tower where bells are hung. Normally constructed in metal, but can be felt or proprietary material. Structural calculations are an integral part of a, We were stag-gered to find a herd of deer in the g, London | Reading | Bristol | Oxford | Milton Keynes | Leamington Spa | Birmingham | Sheffield | Nottingham | Manchester  | Liverpool | Leeds, Ts&Cs | Privacy | Careers | Sitemap | Contact Us | Allcott Heritage | Allcott Commercial | Book a Survey, Copyright @ Allcott Associates 2017. Bow window: curved. Get high-quality papers at affordable prices. 5 Victorian Architecture - Introduction. Hopper – enlarged top usually to a vertical down pipe to receives water from rainwater or waste pipes. Was often used as a lining under roof tiles in the 1960’s. Landslip – downhill movement of unstable earth, clay, rock etc often following prolonged heavy rain or coastal erosion, but sometimes due to sub-soil having poor cohesion. often used to correct bulging walls. The window frame's wooden sill sits on a wooden window board that is screwed or nailed directly to the masonry. Requires a correctly positioned storage tank or bottles. Bonding Timbers – timbers built into the walls in older houses to provide restraint. This gives it a professional look and peace of mind. Asphalt –  black, tar-like substance impervious to moisture. Also, the central pillar of a winding spiral staircase. Also notice that the lines that break up the window’s panes adhere to perspective rules: each section gets smaller as in recedes farther away. Tell-tale – a measure fixed across a crack to monitor movement. store: "allcott-associates-llp", Often fitted to chimney stacks and tile hanging. Front Garden Parking Design Open Valley – valley gutter in which the adjoining slates or tiles are so cut that the metal sheet or other waterproof material lining the valley, is exposed. A serious insect pest mainly confined to the south-east of England, which can totally destroy the structural strength of wood. Cavity Wall Insulation –  filling of wall cavities by one of various forms of insulation material: Beads –  polystyrene beads pumped into the cavities. Cavity Wall –   traditional modern method of building external walls of houses comprising two leaves of brick or blockwork usually separated by a gap (“cavity”) of about 5Omm and held together with metal ties that can rust. Collar Beam –  horizontal tie beam of a roof, which is joined to opposing rafters at a level above that of the wall plates. Scrim – coarse mesh used for bridging the joint between plasterboard sheets to prevent cracking. Cement flashings are usually called fillets. Strut –   a support, usually a roof timber. Blistering – trapped air bubbles below felt, asphalt or painted surfaces usually indicating imminent failure of the material. Damp-Proof Course (or DPC) –  layer of impervious material (mineral felt, PVC etc) incorporated into a wall and designed to prevent dampness rising up the wall or lateral dampness around windows, doors etc. Pointing –    outer edge of mortar joint between bricks, stones etc. Flemish Bond – a traditional form of solid wall construction with the bricks laid with headers (the short end) laid alternately with stretchers (the long side). Roof Void – unused space between the roof and the ceiling of the highest storey (often called the loft or attic). 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